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Reading Comprehension

Read the following passage and write in the brackets the letter of correct answer of the questions from the givén alternatives :
The average life span of humanity throughout all history was twenty seven years. In the 19th century, however, science and improved technology treble life expectancy. As technological capabilities improved and life expectancy increased, the number of babies per family went down, demonstrating the fact that nature keeps on balancing the population figure. After major wars, when large number of young and healthy men are Killed, baby-making increases. The birth-rate continues to rise for five years or so after wars end, until the score is rectified. All this happens without conscious cooperation or even the knowledge of the humans concerned. When the probabilities of human survival are poor, nature makes many babies. When the chances of mans survival improve, nature reduces the number of new babies.

प्रश्न 1   The birth rate continues to rise after the end of war for ________
 (अ) One year
 (ब) Three years
 (स) Four years
 (द) Five years

प्रश्न 2   The improved technology and increased life expectancy demonstrate the fact that nature
 (अ) does not keep on balancing the population figure,
 (ब) seldom keeps on balancing the population figure.
 (स) keeps on balancing the population figure.
 (द) never bothers to keep on balancing the population figure.

प्रश्न 3   With the improvement of the chances of man's survival, nature
 (अ) increases the number of new babies.
 (ब) decreases the number of new babies.
 (स) Neither increases nor decreases the number of new babies
 (द) Either increases or decreases the number of new babies.

प्रश्न 4   The poor chances of human survival are responsible for
 (अ) making people against having more babies.
 (ब) Not making more babies.
 (स) restricting the production of human life.
 (द) making more babies at the instance of the nature.

प्रश्न 5   After major wars people produce more babies because
 (अ) They want to have them.
 (ब) Nature guides them to do so:
 (स) They want to cooperate with nature.
 (द) They are doing so without knowing it.

प्रश्न 6   The author says that
 (अ) major wars are directly responsible for making more babies.
 (ब) The surviving young and healthy men are directly responsible for making more babies.
 (स) Peace following major wars is directly responsible for making more babies
 (द) The death of a large number of young and healthy men is directly responsible for an increase in babies making.

प्रश्न 7   With the development of science and technology in the 19th century.
 (अ) people expected more comforts in life
 (ब) people expected to produce more babies
 (स) people expected more agricultural production
 (द) more people expected to live longer

प्रश्न 8   The author says that throughout history
 (अ) Every man died on attaining twenty seven years
 (ब) The average life of human race was 27 years
 (स) Every man lived for twenty seven years or so.
 (द) Some men lived for fess than twenty seven years.

Read the following passage and answer the questions.
“I Have a Dream” is a public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. during the march on Washington for jobs and freedom on August 28, 1963, in which he calls for an end to racism in the United States and called for civil and economic rights. Delivered to over 2,50,000 civil rights supporters from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., the speech was a defining moment of the civil rights movement. Beginning with a reference to the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed millions of slaves in 1863, King observes that: “one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free”. Towards the end of the speech, King departed from his prepared text for a partly improvised peroration on the theme “I have a dream”, prompted by Mahalia Jackson’s cry: “Tell them about the dream, Martin!” In this part of the speech, which most excited the listeners and has now become its most famous, King described his dreams of freedom and equality arising from a land of slavery and hatred. Jon Meacham writes that, “With a single phrase, Martin Luther King Jr. joined Jefferson and Lincoln in the ranks of men who’ve shaped modern America”. The speech was ranked the top American speech of the 20th century in a 1999 poll of scholars of public address.

प्रश्न 9   In front of whom does King speak ?
 (अ) The civil rights supporters
 (ब) His friends.
 (स) Lincoln
 (द) The Negroes

प्रश्न 10   What is the name of Martin Luther King’s famed speech ?
 (अ) The Emancipation Proclamation
 (ब) An Improvisation
 (स) A Peroration
 (द) I Have a Dream

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